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A Beginner’s Guide to House Drawing

House Drawing

Table of Contents

House drawing refers to the process of creating 2D drawings, plans and designs for a residential house using drawing tools and techniques. This guide provides an introduction to house drawing – its purpose, basic principles, tips, techniques, required tools and common drawing types.

House Drawing
House Drawing

Why Create House Drawings?

Here are some key reasons house drawings are created before actual construction:

  • Visualize design – Drawings allow homeowners, architects to visualize the final house design properly.
  • Share concept – The drawings can be easily shared with all stakeholders to align on requirements.
  • Planning – Dimensions, layouts finalized in drawings are used for planning construction.
  • Estimation – Quantities, materials required can be estimated from the drawings.
  • Approvals – Municipal authorities require drawings to issue building permits.
  • Clarity for execution – Contractor/workers can follow drawings closely during actual building.

In essence, house drawings form the blueprint for the home construction process.

Basic Principles of House Drawing

Some basic principles to follow when creating house drawings:

  • Maintain proper dimensions and scales
  • Use standard symbols and conventions
  • Include all details – walls, doors, windows, etc.
  • Have clear indications – dimensions, labels
  • Use elevation view, plan view as required
  • Draft to scale so that actual measurements can be derived
  • Double check accuracy to avoid future errors

Drawing Tools and Software

House drawings can be created through traditional hand drafting or using CAD software tools:

  • Manual drafting – Pencil, eraser, scales, drawing sheets
  • 2D CAD – AutoCAD, DraftSight, FreeCAD etc.
  • 3D Modeling – SketchUp, Revit, ArchiCAD etc.

CAD allows faster drawing, editing, scaling and sharing of digital drawing files like PDFs. But hand drafting also remains popular.

Tips for Effective House Drawing

Here are some tips for beginners to create accurate and clear house drawings:

  • Follow a proper workflow – finalize layouts, make rough sketches, develop clean final drawings.
  • Use standard conventions for doors, windows etc. This avoids confusion.
  • Accurately represent slopes, stairs, ceiling heights etc.
  • Double check all dimensions – errors will lead to wastage during construction.
  • Focus on key details relevant to actual execution while drafting.
  • Take measurements of existing house if it is a remodeling project.
  • Use CAD software tools to create neat and editable drawings.
  • Get drawings reviewed by a structural engineer for safety.

Common Types of House Drawings

Some common house drawings include:

Site Plan – Shows house location on the plot, orientation, access points.

Floor Plans – Shows layout and dimensions of rooms, walls, doors, stairs for each level.

Elevations – Provides front, side and rear view of the exterior. Shows heights.

Sections – Cutaway view showing interior details like slabs, wall layers, roof etc.

Electrical Plan – Layout of lighting points, power sockets, switches etc.

Plumbing Plan – Layout of water supply lines, sewage lines, plumbing fixtures.

Landscape Plan – Shows the garden layout, vegetation, pathways etc.

Common Drawing Styles

There are two main styles of house drawings:

Architectural Drawing Style

This style uses architectural symbols and conventions to represent doors, windows, stairs etc. It focuses on the core structural aspects. Dimensions and layouts are accurately marked. Architectural drawings are more technical in nature.

Artistic Drawing Style

Artistic house drawings focus on creating illustrated renderings from a certain perspective. Textures, shadows and 3D effects are added to make the drawing vivid. Things like furniture, cars, people may be included. Scale accuracy is lower.

Architectural drawings are used for planning and approvals. Artistic drawings help visualize the design aesthetically.

Stages of Drawings

House drawings are created sequentially in stages:

  • Concept sketches
  • Schematic floor plans
  • Draft drawings
  • Final construction drawings

In early stages, the layouts and sizes keep getting updated. The last stage has the final accurate drawings for execution.

Role of Measurements

Taking accurate measurements is crucial to avoid errors. Key aspects to measure:

  • Plot size and shape
  • Spacing between walls
  • Door and window sizes
  • Kitchen dimensions
  • Bathroom layouts
  • Roof height
  • Stair width

Laser distance meters allow quick and precise measurement capturing.

Drawing file formats

Common formats for house drawings files are:

  • PDF – Easy to view and share
  • JPEG/PNG – Widely viewable image
  • DWG – AutoCAD drawing format
  • SKP – SketchUp model format
  • RVT – Revit BIM model format

Drawings can be printed to scale on large sheets for physical review and markup.

Future Trends

Some trends shaping house drawings:

  • 3D modeling and virtual/augmented reality
  • Drone surveys for site plan accuracy
  • BIM for collaborative design
  • Automation through AI/ML
  • Mobile apps for digital markup and feedback

Digitalization enables constant design iterations and immersive visualization.

House Drawing Easy

  • Use grid paper to maintain proper scale
  • Start with rough pencil outlines of major rooms
  • Add details like doors, windows etc with symbols
  • Double check dimensions for accuracy
  • Use eraser to correct mistakes in initial stage
  • Use thicker lines for final outline, thinner lines for inside details
  • Add color with crayons or markers for enhanced visualization

House Drawing for Kids

  • Keep basic shapes and layout simple for young kids
  • Include elements kids can relate to like backyard play area
  • Make drawing fun by using their favorite colors
  • Add details like cars, pets, swings etc to engage kids
  • Encourage creativity rather than accuracy of scale at young age
  • Use pencil colors for coloring if accuracy is important
  • Have kids make mini cardboard model from their drawing

Beautiful House Drawing

  • Plan effective space utilization for elegance
  • Use landscape elements like water bodies, greenery
  • Incorporate architectural ornamentation details
  • Add lighting elements like lamps, lanterns
  • Use softer pencils and pens for smooth lines
  • Utilize digital tools to create artistic 3D renders
  • Focus on drawing textures like wood, glass realistically
  • Depict interior elements like furnishings
  • Enhance with color gradients, shadows, perspective

Easy House Drawing

  • Use square and rectangular shapes
  • Start with outer walls and add inner walls
  • Show windows as neat square cut-outs
  • Draw sloped triangles for roof
  • Add door and window symbols
  • Include basic furniture with squares and lines
  • Limit drawing to 1-2 floors for simplicity
  • Avoid complex shapes and angles
  • Add color blocks to indicate rooms

Tree House Drawing

  • Show supporting pillars blended with tree trunks
  • Draw ladder, rope bridges leading to the house
  • Include windows,wraparound balcony
  • Add play items like swings, slides
  • Show greenery growing around and on top
  • Draw birds, squirrels to enhance natural feel
  • Use earthy tones like greens, browns for coloring
  • Add magical elements like fairy lights
  • Depict children playing inside for a lively scene

Kutcha House Drawing

  • Use rectangular shapes with organic edges
  • Show thick undulating walls made of mud
  • Draw a thatched roof with hay-like texture
  • Limit height to single floor only
  • Include bamboo fencing around house
  • Mud shelves on walls to place items
  • Clay pots, vessels for household work
  • Animals like cows near the house
  • Farming fields in the vicinity

House Drawing Picture

  • Illustrate a picturesque house near waterbody
  • Add landscaping elements like trees, gazebo
  • Capture interesting architectural details
  • Depict vibrant floral arrangements
  • Have humans/animals to create lively scene
  • Use shadows and lighting to portray time of day
  • Draw textures creatively like shimmery water
  • Utilize color combinations for vividness
  • Frame the scene compositionally to enhance appeal

House Drawing Easy with Color

  • Outline house with thin black pen
  • Fill rooms with light pastel colors
  • Add darker shades for roof, windows
  • Use colors to distinguish different areas
  • Show door and window frames in dark color
  • Draw grass patches around house in green
  • Use blue for water bodies like pool
  • Show sky with gradient blue
  • Limit detailing to focus on color blocking

Pucca House Drawing

  • Show solid rectangular structure
  • Draw grid patterns on exterior to depict brick walls
  • Add balcony railings and pillars for support
  • Include water tank, solar panel details on roof
  • Front elevation with symmetrical windows
  • Garden area in front and backyard
  • Car porch with concrete driveway
  • Use grey shades to color the pucca house
  • Interior can show modern furnishings


The entire house design is communicated via house drawings. With some practice and adherence to basic drafting principles, beginners can learn to create accurate drawings to bring their dream homes to life. The drawings serve as the foundation for actual construction to happen smoothly. Beginning with rough layout sketches and ending with detailed construction drawings, the drawing process enables thorough planning and design.

top 10 frequently asked questions about house drawings:

1. What are the different types of house drawings?

The main types of house drawings are site plan, floor plans, elevations, sections, electrical plan, plumbing plan, and landscape plan. Each drawing provides specific details.

2. What software is used for house drawing?

House drawings can be created using CAD software like AutoCAD, DraftSight, FreeCAD or 3D modeling tools like SketchUp, Revit, ArchiCAD. Manual hand drafting is also an option.

3. What drawing scales are used for house plans?

Architectural drawings are typically done at scales like 1:100, 1:50, 1:10. Large scale drawings like 1:10 show more details accurately. Smaller scales like 1:100 give overall idea.

4. What basic drawing tools are needed?

Basic drawing tools needed are pencil, eraser, scales, triangles, drawing sheets/paper, drafting tape, compass, CAD software if drawing digitally.

5. How are doors, windows represented in drawings?

Doors and windows are represented using standard symbols with annotations indicating sizes. This helps clearly communicate the design.

6. What are dimensions used for in house drawings?

Accurate dimensions are provided in house drawings so the actual measurements can be derived. This is crucial for planning and execution.

7. Where all are house drawings used?

House drawings are used for design conceptualization, approvals from authorities, planning construction, estimation, execution on site.

8. What drawing formats are used for house plans?

House plans are commonly created in PDF, JPEG, PNG and CAD formats like DWG. They can be printed out on large sheets too.

9. Should landscape be included in house drawings?

Landscape design can be shown in a separate landscape plan drawing. It is not mandatory but recommended to depict greenery, gardens etc.

10. What precautions should be taken when drawing?

Care should be taken to maintain accuracy of dimensions. Drafting standards and conventions must be followed. drawings.

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